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Who are the Hamas? And who is behind supplying weapons to Hamas?

Hamas is a Palestinian Sunni-Islamic fundamentalist, militant, and nationalist organization that was founded in 1987 during the first Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation of Gaza and the West Bank by a Palestinian activist connected to the Muslim Brotherhood.

Hamas is an acronym for Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya, meaning "Islamic Resistance Movement". It has a social service wing, Dawah, and a military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades.

Hamas is currently governing the Gaza Strip, one of the two Palestinian territories, and has a presence in the West Bank. The group has vowed to annihilate Israel and has been responsible for many suicide bombings and other deadly attacks on civilians and Israeli soldiers.

Hamas receives financial, material, and logistical support from Iran and has moved closer to Iran and its allies in recent years.

Hamas leaders Ismail Haniyeh and Khaled Mashaal are based in Qatar, while Yehia Sinwar is in Gaza. The group has struggled to govern Gaza and remains committed to violently resisting Israel. Dozens of countries have designated Hamas a terrorist organization, though some apply this label only to its military wing.


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